I couldn’t imagine myself without the internet, living in Indonesia. No video streaming (meaning more “special-effect” sinetron), no podcasts (meaning I wouldn’t even know such word exist), no mp3s (meaning more and more Ridho Roma), and instead of watching footage, maybe the only way for me to obtain information about the life in north korea was to go there watching arirang and never to comeback… *shudder* life wouldn’t be the same anymore once you know the internet & the convenience it offers…
If we talk about internet, WWW might be the next world clashed into our mind. How is this GREAT GREAT GREAT invention came into the world? Well before we go there, let’s define things first. In everyday life, the terms “internet” and “WWW” are often used without distinction while actually they have different meaning. THE INTERNET is a global data communications system. It is a software and hardware infrastructure that provides connectivity between computers. THE WEB is one of the services communicated via the internet. It is a collection of interconnected documents and other resources, linked by hyperlinks and URLs.
World Wide Web is a system of interlinked hypertext (text, images, or tables displayed on electronic devices which referred to another material on the internet that could be immediately accessed on a click) documents on the internet. The history of what we now call hypertext started back in 1945 when Vannevar Bush wrote an article in The Atlantic Monthly about a futuristic device called The Memex. Then, he described the device as an electromechanical desk linked to an extensive archive of microfilms with the ability to display books, documents from the library and create “trails” of linked and branching sets of page. This Article inspired two American men, Ted Nelson and Douglas Engelbart who’re generally credited with the invention of the hypertext. Ted Nelson began the development of the Hypertext Editing System in 1968 at Brown University, while Engelbart worked with the NLS System in 1962 at Stanford Research Institute and demonstrated a hypertext interface for the first time in December 1968.
The World Wide Web was developed by English computer scientist Sir Timothy Berners-Lee. Berners-Lee, who was a consulting contractor for CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research), built ENQUIRE in 1980, a personal database of people and software models which applying the concept of hyperlink (each new page of information linked to an existing page). Realizing the need of data sharing among physicists around the world, in March 1989 Berners-Lee came up with a proposal for a “large hypertext database with typed links” and began the implementing the system on the newly acquired NeXT workstation, the system was named World Wide Web. But no vendors interested in the concept of marrying hypertext with the internet then.
Collaborating with some other colleagues, by 1990, although limited and could only be run on the NeXT, Berners-Lee had developed the tools needed for a working web:
- the HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) – an Application Layer protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems.
- the HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) – is the language for web pages, providing a means to create structured documents by denoting structural semantics for text such as paragraphs, heading, lists, links, quotes, and other items.
- the first HTTP server software – later known as CERN httpd, a web server (HTTP) daemon which could also be configured as a web proxy server
- Web server – a computer program which delivers content (web pages) in the forms of HTML documents
- Web browser which also worked as a web editor (WYSIWYG editor) called WorldWideWeb – a web browser is a software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web. The WorldWideWeb later named Nexus to avoid confusion with the name World Wide Web.
- And the first Web page which the content was only a page describing the project (I didn’t really saw it, but I guess it’s only a page, no?)
On August 6, 1991 the Web officially became a publicly available service on the internet for the first time…
Now in 2010 the web development has reached the technology of Web 3.0. It’s said that this technology would have got something to do with the semantic web and the emphasition would be in the alteration of device’s applications. Here’s a short video of Eric E. Scmidt the CEO of Google Inc. talking about Google’s prediction on web 3.0… (Hey Mr.Scmidt, heard your company’s frickin awesome, eh? :D)